Roman Modzelewski

Roman Modzelewski

  • Dates 1912-1997
  • Nationality Polish

Born in 1912 in Lozdzieje, Lithuania. Died in 1997 in Łodz, Poland. He was a painter, designer, sculptor, teacher. An avant-garde creator, an interdisciplinary artist.

He graduated at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, and shared his career with the Łodz Academy of Fine Arts since its foundation in 1945. He was a long-standing professor and Rector of the Łodz Academy, being also the first Rector elected there.
Initially he was influenced by impressionism, then experimenting with form and colour, he moved towards “solarism”, and cubism later on. The language of abstraction, geometry of form, symbolism of colour and significance of texture were important issues in his paintings.

His first furniture designs – an upholstered armchair and a chair made of plywood – presented at the Second All-Poland Exhibition of Interior Design, Warsaw, in 1957, received the second prize in the category of furniture for their innovative form and the application of modern materials. After making the most of plywood’s flexibility, he started to work with plastics. Completed in 1958, the armchair made of fiberglass was a pioneering application of this material in Poland. From the formal side, it is a unique example on a world-wide scale of the fully-formed, homogeneous organic crust of the seat. Interest on the part of Le Corbusier in the production of the model in France resulted in its patent in 1961, but its production never materialised.

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